Current Affairs – Society for APPSC Group 2 Screening Test
JANANI SURAKSHA YOJANA
- As per a study the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) achieved a successful feat of 22% increase in women delivering in government hospitals between 2004 and 2014.
- Also, It has been announced Rajasthan that the beneficiaries of the JSY and the Rajshree Yojana of Rajasthan will be given their payments through the online mode.
- World’s biggest conditional cash-transfer scheme, aimed to promote institutional delivery instead of delivering babies at home
- Aims to improve India’s infant and maternal mortality rates
INDIA SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2016
- Theme of the report ” Disability Rights Perspective “
- Out of total out of school children in primary education, one-third are children with disabilities.
- Movement disability in children went down by 11 percent because of polio immunization program.
- ‘Mental illness’ constituted the lowest proportion, this may be a result of under-reporting due to the stigmatising nature of psycho-social disabilities, coupled with poor diagnoses
- Sikkim, Odisha, J&K and Lakshadweep had the highest percent of disability, while Tamil Nadu, A ssam and Delhi had the lowest proportions of the PWDs.
100 MILLION FOR 100 MILLION CAMPAIGN
- President launched a ‘100 Million for 100 Million’ Campaign organized by the Kailash Satyarthi Children’s Foundation.
- Theme of Universal Children’s Day 2016 on 20th November was – “Stop Violence Against Children”
- As per 2011 Census, India has over 4 million working children in the age group of 5-14 years
- SDG goal 8 aims to prohibit and eliminate of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers
- The government observed ‘Vasectomy Fortnight’ between November 21 and December 4, 2016.
- The aim of the ‘‘Vasectomy Fortnight’ was to create awareness about male sterilisation and to facilitate district administrations reach sterilisation targets through campaigns
- The government also aims to achieve ‘replacement level fertility’ of 2.1 through such
initiatives (presently it is 2.3)
NATIONAL INDEX FOR PERFORMANCE OF HEALTH OUTCOMES
- NITI Aayog launched the index on “Performance of Health Outcomes”
- Index is developed with technical assistance from World Bank
- It will help rank the states on the basis of their performance on measurable health parameters.
SWASTHYA RAKSHA PROGRAMME
- AYUSH ministry has launched Swasthya Raksha Yojana recently to promote health and health education in rural villages
- Launched on the lines of Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan but with a focus on traditional healthcare services.
- Two years have passed since Rajasthan government had started integrated schools by merging primary andsecondary schools in the same compound which are called “Adarsh” schools.
- These schools provide students access to one institution that offers education from Classes I to XII.
REVAMPED BONDED LABOUR SCHEME, 2016
- Govt has revamped the Central Sponsored Scheme for Rehabilitation of Bonded Labourers known as “Central Sector Scheme for Rehabilitation of Bonded Labourers, 2016”
- The revised scheme is a Central Sector Scheme (earlier it was central sponsored scheme). So the State Government is not required to pay any matching contribution for the purpose of cash rehabilitation assistance.
- Rs 4.50 lakh will be provided per district for survey of bonded labourers
MOTHER LANGUAGE AS MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION IN SCHOOL
- Recently, Karnataka govt wants union government to make amendment in constitution empowering states to make mother language compulsory in primary school
- Article 350A of Indian constitution which deals with interest of Linguistic Minorities says that every state and local authority must provide adequate facilities for instructions in local language at primary stage and President is empowered to issue direction for the same.
NAYI ROSHNI SCHEME
- NITI Aayog conducted an evaluation study on Nai Roshni Scheme in 2015-16 and the report was presented in June 2016
- Nai Roshni scheme is a leadership development programme launched by the Ministry of Minority Affairs in 2012-13
UNIVERSAL EDUCATION GOALS OF INDIA
- In its Global Monitoring Report, 2016, UNESCO claimed that India will achieve
- Universal primary education by 2050
- Universal lower secondary education (grades 6-8 in case of India) by 2060
- Universal upper secondary education (grades 9-12 in case of India) by 2085
SWACCH SWASTH SARVATRA
- It is a joint initiative between the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
The objective of this programme is to build on and manifest the achievements of two different schemes
- Swacch Bharat Mission by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation
- Kayakalp of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Another joint initiative Swasth Bacche Swasth Bharat was also launched at the same event
MAHILA POLICE VOLUNTEER
- Haryana became the first state to adopt the Mahila Police Volunteer Initiative by launching the scheme in Karnal and Mahendragarh districts
PRADHAN MANTRI SURAKSHIT MATRITVA ABHIYAN (PMSMA)
- Launched by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW)
- Aim: provide assured, comprehensive and quality antenatal care, free of cost, universally to all pregnant women on the 9th of every month.
BRICS URBANISATION FORUM
- 3rd BRICS Urbanization Forum Meet was held in Visakhapatnam.
- Theme – “Building responsive, inclusive and collective solutions for urbanisation”
SCHOOL EDUCATION QUALITY INDEX (SEQI)
- Niti Aayog has organised the first regional workshop on School Education Quality Index (SEQI) to improve the learning outcomes among school children
- SEQI is divided into two categories: Outcomes and Governance Management
WHO FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON TOBACCO CONTROL (FCTC)
7th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP7) to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) was held in New Delhi
PICTORIAL WARNINGS ON TOBACCO
- India ranks 3rd globally among 205 countries with 85 per cent implementation of pictorial warnings on tobacco products pack
- According to WHO, tobacco-related diseases kill about 2,500 Indians daily and over 10 lakh Indians a year
- India has 12 crore tobacco users, according to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey.
SAUR SUJALA YOJANA
- PM on the occasion of 16th Foundation Day of Chhattisgarh had launched the Saur Sujala Yojana.
- Chhattisgarh is the first state to implement the scheme
- Under the scheme, solar powered irrigation pumps of 3HP and 5HP capacity would be distributed to farmers by March 2019
KERALA DECLARED OPEN DEFECATION FREE
- Kerala has become the third State to be declared Open Defecation Free(ODF), Sikkim was first and Himachal Pradesh was second to be declared ODF
- Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh became the first states to be declared ODF in Urban Areas.
- Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) started operating the scheme titled “Trade Related Entrepreneurship Assistance and Development (TREAD)” to promote women entrepreneurs
SMART GRAM INITIATIVE
- President Pranab Mukherjee had inaugurated a smart model village pilot project at the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
- The five villages which will be developed into the smart villages under this pilot project are Dhaula, Alipur, Harichandpur and Taj Nagar from Gurgaon district and Rojka Meo from Mewat district of Haryana.
- Recently there initiatives were inaugurated in these villages by the Chief Minister of Haryana
INDIA’S ASYLUM POLICY
- With the government highlighting human rights abuses in Balochistan, conversations about India’s asylum policy have arisen
- Also the Rohingyas, an ethnic group from the Rakhine state in Myanmar, are seeking shelter in India
- India has one of the largest refugee populations in South Asia, but is yet to enact a uniform law that addresses the issue of asylum
MISSION MADHUMEHA THROUGH AYURVEDA
- On the occasion of National Ayurveda Day (28 October), Ministry of AYUSH launched “Mission Madhumeha through Ayurveda”
INDIA RANKS 87 IN WEF GENDER GAP REPORT
- India has substantially improved its rank in the Global Gender Gap index — moving from 108th to 87th position within a year, according to a report released by the World Economic Forum (WEF)
- WEF measures the gender gap index of the countries by taking four factors into account-economy, health, education and political representation
JANANI SURAKSHA YOJNA
- JSY has helped in reducing the socioeconomic inequalities as well as it has led to an enhancement in the utilisation of health services among all groups especially among the poorer and underserved sections in the rural areas
- Launched in 2005 as part of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) to improve maternal and neonatal health by promotion of institutional deliveries (childbirth in hospitals)
- It is implemented through ASHA, the accredited social health activist, acting as an effective link between the Government and the poor pregnant women under this scheme.
MUSLIM PERSONAL LAW: NEED FOR REFORMS
- Shayara Bano who has challenged the constitutionality of Section 2 of the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937, in so far as it seeks to recognise and validate polygamy, triple talaq and ‘nikah halala’
‘Talaq-e-bidat’ is a Muslim man divorcing his wife by pronouncing more than one talaq in a single ‘tuhr’ (the period between two menstruations), or in a ‘tuhr’ after coitus, or pronouncing an irrevocable instantaneous divorce at one go i.e. unilateral triple-talaq
Temporary marriage a victim of instant talaq is forced to undergo with another man to remarry her first husband. This second marriage also needs to be consummated.
DENGUE AND CHIKUNGUNYA
- There was a sharp increase in the incidence of chikungunya in the country in 2015 over the previous year.
- Dengue cases have also steadily risen, from 75,808 in 2013 to 99,913 last year, with the death toll rising from 193 to 220 during this period
- The dengue map for 2015 shows that Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, West Bengal and Gujarat were the worst affected.
- On chikungunya, Karnataka needs special help, as it has a disproportionately higher incidence compared to other States
NEW DELHI DECLARATION ON EDUCATION
- BRICS nations adopted the ‘New Delhi Declaration on Education at 4th meeting of BRICS Ministers of Education
- Main aim is to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all
- Supreme Court upheld the Kerala Govt.’s decision to prohibit liquor in December 2015 however, in Oct., 2016 Kerala Govt (LDF) has sought for reversal in its policy of banning liquor
- Bihar Excise & Prohibition Act, 2016 that had come into force from October 2, 2016 proposing total liquor ban and its stricter provisions
SWACHH BHARAT MISSION: 2ND ANNIVERSARY
- Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh are the first states to have become open defecation free (ODF) in urban areas
- State of Himachal Pradesh has been declared Open Defecation Free (ODF), making it the second State in the country after Sikkim to achieve the feat in rural areas
- A tax on sugary drinks to increase the retail price by 20 per cent or more according to a new report from the World Health Organization
- The best-known success story is in Mexico, which passed a sugary-drink tax in 2013, prompting a substantial drop in consumption
- Hungary has imposed a tax on packaged products with high sugars, salt or caffeine levels
- Union Ministry of Health has been contemplating the regulation of advertising, and increasing the tax on both junk food and sweetened beverages, it is yet to take an actual step. Kerala has done so recently with a tax on some types of foods
RAJASTHAN DRIVE TO END CHILD MARRIAGES
- Under the banner of “Sajha Abhiyan” of the Rajasthan government, UNFPA and UNICEF, a district-level Abhiyan Yatra was started for complete elimination of child marriages in the State
COMMERCIAL SURROGACY BILL
- Union cabinet has approved the introduction of a bill that seeks to ban commercial surrogacy and allow only infertile couples to bear a child using a surrogate mother
- Non-resident Indians or People of Indian Origin card-holders will not be allowed to take recourse to a surrogate mother in India
- Out of purview: Single men and women, heterosexual couples who choose not to opt for marriage, gay couples, transgender persons, single parent cannot have baby through surrogacy
- Legally wedded Indian couples can have a surrogate child only after five years of legal marriage and will require a medical certificate as proof of infertility
- The bill makes it mandatory for surrogate mothers to be married and be a close relative of the couple wanting a child. She should also have given birth to a healthy child before bearing a baby for another couple.
- A woman can only bear one surrogate child.
- Violating the law can earn 10 years in jail term or fine of 10 Lakh rupees.
- A national surrogacy board chaired by the health minister will be created to oversee implementation.
- The rights of surrogate mother and children born out of surrogacy will be protected.
NIT, SCIENCE EDUCATION & RESEARCH ( AMENDMENT) BILL, 2016
- Bill aims at establishing the NIT in Andhra Pradesh as an institute of national importance
- NIT, Andhra Pradesh will be established under the National Institutes of Technology, Science Education and Research (NITSER) Act, 2007
WOMEN ENTRY TO RELIGIOUS PLACES: BOMBAY HC
- Bombay High Court in a landmark verdict allowed entry of women up to the mazar in the Sufi dargah in Mumbai
- HC quoted that “Women be permitted to enter the sanctum sanctorum of Haji Ali Dargah at par with men”
MAA PROGRAMME: MINISTRY OF HEALTH
- MAA – Mothers Absolute Affection is a nation-wide breastfeeding promotion program, launched recently by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
- Promotes breastfeeding and provision of counselling services for supporting breastfeeding
NEW HEALTH INDEX
- The first global analysis that assesses countries on sustainable development goal (SDG) health performance was launched at a special event at the UN General Assembly recently and published online in The Lancet
- It has ranked India at 143 in a list of 188 countries
INDIA DECLARED FREE FROM BIRD FLU
- India has declared itself free from the highly contagious avian influenza or bird flu
- Bird flu (avian influenza) is a disease caused by strains of influenza virus that primarily affects birds
MARRAKESH TREATY COMES INTO FORCE
- On Sep 29th, Marrakesh Treaty came into force, after 22 countries ratified the treaty adopted in 2013 by members of World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
- Marrakesh Treaty or Marrakesh VIP Treaty is formally known as Marrakesh treaty to facilitate Access to Published works by Visually Impaired Persons and Persons with Print Disabilities
- It is also called “Books for Blind” treaty.
MISSION PARIVAR VIKAS
- Health Ministry to launch “Mission Parivar Vikas” for improved family planning services.
- It was launched in 145 high-focus districts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Assam
- The latest Lancet series on maternal health reveals that nearly one quarter of babies worldwide are still delivered in the absence of a skilled birth attendant.
- one-third of the total maternal deaths in 2015 happened in two countries: India and Nigeria
HOUSEHOLD TOILET COVERAGE – SWACHH BHARAT MISSION
- Sikkim (100%) and Himachal Pradesh (55.95%) have the maximum percentage of villages that are ‘Open Defecation Free’ (ODF).
- The total number of districts declared ODF in the country stand at 23.
- Three cities in Karnataka — coastal Mangaluru, Udupi and Mysuru — have been declared “open defecation free”
- Mysuru tops the list of “clean cities” for two consecutive years.
- A recent survey of 476 cities had also declared Mangaluru the third cleanest in India.
- It is the country’s first-ever hotline to curb sexual abuse of children through the Internet and to remove child pornographic content online unveiled
GLOBAL NUTRITION REPORT
- On stunting, India ranks 114 out of 132 countries, with the incidence of stunting at 38.7%.
- On wasting, India ranks 120 out of 130 countries, at 15.1 %.
- On the prevalence of anaemia in women of reproductive age, India ranks 170 out of 185 countries at 48.1%
- Global Nutrition Report is an independent and comprehensive annual review of the state of the world’s nutrition
- This year’s report focuses on the theme of making—and measuring— SMART commitments to nutrition and identifying what it will take to end malnutrition in all its forms by 2030.
- Kerala has introduced a ‘fat tax’ of 14.5% on the consumption of junk food items like pizzas and burgers sold through branded restaurants
- The tax is aimed at making people more conscious about food choices and curbing obesity.
- Kerala has most people suffering from obesity after Punjab, according to a National family health survey
HARMONISING RTE WITH MINORITY SCHOOLS
- Kerala High Court has ruled that Section 16 of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 (RTE Act), that mandates schools to not detain any child before she completes elementary education, is applicable to minority educational institutions as well
- Court located this obligation not in the Act but under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, which guarantees right to life and liberty
SUPREME COURT DECISION ON MTPA 1971
- Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971, came into force, following the recommendation of the Shantilal Shah Committee Report in 1966 that stated that abortion and reproductive rights need to be regulated by law.
- In a rare order, the Supreme Court allowed an alleged rape victim to terminate her pregnancy after law mandated 20 weeks
NATIONAL COMMITTEE ON RAMAYAN AND KRISHNA CIRCUIT
- The first meeting of the National Committee on the Ramayan and Krishna Circuits under the Swadesh Darshan Scheme was held recently
SUBRAMANIAN COMMITTEE REPORT ON EDUCATION
- Recently a committee headed by T.S.R. Subramanian has submitted its report for evolution of a National Education Policy
- Two previous education policies had come one in 1968 and another in 1986, under Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi govts respectively.
- The National Education Policy (NEP) of 1986 was revised in 1992.
- Ministry of HRD recently launched the Vidyanjali scheme aimed at boosting the education system by delivering volunteer teachers to government schools.
ROAD SAFETY IN INDIA
- An official report released by Union Road Transport and Highway Ministry said that 1.46 lakh people lost their lives in road accidents in India in 2015
- Among cities, Mumbai had the highest number of accidents (23,468), while Delhi saw the most number of such deaths (1,622)
- Thirteen States, including TN, MP, Karnataka, Kerala and UP, accounted for most accidents
RECURRENCE OF POLIO
- Telangana was under national and international attention after a polio strain was detected from a sewage sample collected near the Secunderabad Railway Station.
- The samples from the state showed the presence of Type 2 vaccine derived polio virus (VDVP), which had undergone ten nucleotide changes.
- If the weakened type-2 virus used in oral polio vaccine [OPV] continues to multiply for long, mutations may arise.
- If six or more nucleotide changes happen then it is called vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDVP).
- VDVP is extremely rare and found in children with immune-deficiency and among populations with low immunity levels.
NEED FOR BASIC INCOME
- Recently, Swiss people have voted against the idea of a Universal Basic Income. Three-quarters of Swiss voted against the referendum.
- Switzerland is the first country to hold such a vote
Universal basic income:
- A basic income is an income unconditionally granted to all citizens on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement.
- It is a form of minimum income guarantee that is being paid irrespective of any income from other sources
PUNJAB’S DRUG PROBLEM
- It is estimated that 4 out of 10 men are addicted to some drug and up to 50% of those are young farmers.
- While 15% of those are addicted to poppy husk (known as bhukki), 20% are addicted to synthetic drugs manufactured by Pharmacy companies.
- The Punjab Opioid Dependence Survey, found that 230,000 people in the state were drug users; 836 drug users per 100,000 people in the state.
NEW CENSUS DATA ON MEDIAN AGE OF MARRIAGE
- The data, released by the Registrar-General and Census Commissioner, show that median age for men increased to 23.5 at the time of the 2011 Census, from 22.6 as per the 2001 figures.
- These numbers were 19.2 years(2011) and 18.2 years for women in 2001.
- As per experts, this trend will continue due to the socio-economic changes taking place in the country.
These are the most important current affairs related to social issues for APPSC Group 2 screening test