1. Population experts refer to the possible ‘demographic bonus’ that may accrue to India around 2016 A.D. They are referring to the phenomenon of
(a) a sharp drop in the total population
(b) a surge in the population in the productive age group;
(c) a decline in both birth and death rates;
(d) a well-balanced sex ratio
A country is said to be in “Demographic dividend” phase WHEN
- Majority of the population is in working age group
- Dependency ratio is minimum i.e. very few persons below 15 and above 64 age.
By 2020, India will have the youngest population among all four leading economies.
|Year||Working age population in India|
To reap the Demographic dividend, we must invest in Health, education and skill Development of the young generation..
2. The most significant economic consequence of the ‘greying’ of the Indian population in the decades to come, will be:
- a fall in the growth of population
- a reverse flow of wealth from children to parents
- a decline in the demand for maternity facilities
- the need for redesigning apartment buildings
3. Accordingto 2011 census urban-rural population ratio was about-
(a) 35 : 65
(b) 32 : 68
(c) 28 : 72
(d) 31 : 69
4. One of the reasons for India’s occupational structure remaining more or less the same over the years has been that
(a) investment pattern has been directed towards capital intensive industries
(b) productivity in agriculture has been high enough to induce people to stay with agriculture
(c) Ceiling on land holdings have enabled more peopleto own land and hence their preference to stay with agriculture
(d)People are largely unaware of the significance of transition from agriculture to industry for economic
5. Which indicators are used to calculate the Human Development Index (HDI)?
(a) Population growth, per capita GDP, life expectancy
(b) Population growth, infant rate, malnutrition
(c) Life expectancy, educational attainment, per capita GDP
(d) Current account balance, infant mortality rate, educational attainment.